10 Best Libraries in the World

What comes to your mind when you hear the word ‘library’? The information it gives, right? While there are people who take libraries as a place to get all the information required, be it for school projects, for personal research or any work assignments. But for many others, it’s a heaven for them to sit and spent hours among books. So, whatever is the reason for your visit to a library, see below which are the best libraries in the world.

10. The Library of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
Once considered to be the largest library in the world, the Library of Alexandria in its earlier glory was also one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Originally built during the reign of Ptolemy II, the present form came into being in the year 2002 at the cost of $220 million. The present state of the library also has museums, art galleries, manuscript restoration lab, a conference center, planetarium and also libraries for blind, children and young adults. The library has a capacity of 8 million books.
9. New York Public Library, New York
Nearly 53 million items catering to 3.5 million people, the New York Public Library has some special stack of books like the first Gutenberg Bible that had gone to America. Not just books, the library is equally famous for its architectural beauty with huge chandeliers and windows, gold plated, painted ceiling adorning the Rose Main Reading Room. In fact, this place is quite recognizable for its multiple features in movies like ‘Ghostbusters’ and ‘The Day After Tomorrow’.
8. Library of Parliament, Ottawa, Canada
This library that sits in the Parliament Hill, at the back of Centre Block in Ottawa, Ontario, has undergone a lot of construction and renovation right after it was built in the year 1876. Presently, the library building is a Canadian icon, appearing on the Canadian ten-dollar bill and houses more than 600, 000 items, maintained by a huge number of staff of 300.
7. Abbey Library of Saint Gall, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Abbey Library of Saint Gall stores some rare manuscripts dating back to 8th century and is one of the primeval monastery libraries in the world. A World Heritage Site, the library also offers access to rare manuscripts with dates before 1900 through online portal. Manuscript B of the Nibelungenlied can be found in this library.  Some 400 manuscripts are preserved in the portal and about 160, 000 volumes of picture postcard are stored here.
6. National Library of St. Mark’s, Venice, Italy
Housed in a Renaissance building in the northern part of Italy, the National Library of St. Mark’s is the home to some rare classical texts. It all started with the collection when Cardinal Bessarion donated his collection of 750 codices and 250 manuscripts, but at present, it has a collection of more than 24, 000 works from the 16th century, millions of books, 2880 incunabula and 13,000 manuscripts. National Library is named after the patron saint of Venice, St. Mark.
5. Vatican Library, Vatican City, Rome
One of the oldest in the world, the Vatican Library in Rome is believed to be founded in 1475, but there are traces of its existence since the starting of Catholic Church. With more than 1.1 million books, 8, 500 incunabula and 75, 000 manuscripts, Vatican Library have received its collection either as gifts or as a part of inheritance. The earliest complete form of the manuscript of Bible is owned by the library.
4. Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S
Boston Public Library being the first to be funded by the public was established in 1848 and had grown to its present state of 22 million items! It’s equally appealing architecture is well known worldwide for its beautiful murals of the legend of Holy Grail. The main room of the library’s McKim building, known as Bates Hall has a spectacular coffered ceiling. The McKim houses some rare collections like early works of Shakespeare including a First Folio, a good collection of Daniel Defoe, medieval manuscripts and also libraries of great historical figures like William Lloyd Garrison, John Adams and Nathaniel Bowditch.
3. Reading Room at the British Museum, London, England
The Reading Room is located at the center of the Great Court of British Museum and has a ceiling that is made of papier-mache. It is said that the room had served many great figures of history like Oscar Wilde, Rudyard Kipling, Karl Marx, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Twain, George Orwell, H. G Wells and Lenin. Currently, the Reading Room also accommodates an information center and a temporary exhibition featuring the well-known Terracotta Army of China.
2. Bodleian Library, Oxford, UK
The library of University of Oxford  established in 1602, the Bodleian Library boasts a collection of 11 million items including many imports of historical importance like a Gutenberg Bible, Magna Carta and First Folio of Shakespeare (from 1623). The Radcliffe Camera is the most famous building among all and accommodates the Radcliffe Science Library.

1. Library of Congress, Washington D.C

Finally at the first place is the national library of USA, the Library of Congress is the biggest in the whole world when it comes to number of volumes and the amount of self space available. Although, this library is available to public, but it’s being a research center of Congress, only members of Congress are allowed to go through books. Library of Congress includes more than 32 million books, a draft of the Declaration of Independence, 61 million manuscripts, 1 million newspapers from the last three millennia, 6 million copies of sheet music, 5 million maps and 14 million prints and photos.

Maintain your School Schedule using the Amazing Fedena Calendar

Maintaining a calendar in your institute is highly recommendable particularly when you have to deal with a lot of holidays, upcoming examinations, fee due dates and many other important events coming up. We have an excellent alternative to the traditional mode of calendar maintenance – Fedena Calendar.

To reach the Fedenacalendar, you need to login with your admin account and go to ‘More’ and then to ‘Calendar’. It will take you to the ‘Calendar’ page as shown below:
As you can see in the screenshot, you can actually mark ‘Events’, ‘Examinations’ ‘Holidays’ and ‘Dues’ as well.
How to create an event
When you need to let your students and teachers know about an upcoming event like annual function or annual sports in your institution, you can create ‘Events’ and it will come in the calendar. For this, you need to go to ‘More’ and then to ‘Event Creation’ in order to create a new event.  It will take you to the Event creation page:
Here, you need to put the start and end date of the event to be created along with the title like ‘Annual school function’ and a little description with it. If the event is a holiday, then click on ‘Is Holiday?’ and if clicked, it will be marked in green in the respected date in the calendar. If in case, it’s not selected, the event will be marked in black in the calendar. Next, you need to select if the event is meant for all and if its yes, just click to the option ‘Event common to all’. But if it’s not meant for all, then there is no need to select the option and you have to click on ‘Create Event’ which will further take you to another page to select the batch and department you want to direct the message to.
Thus, the event will be updated in the calendar and can be viewed by selected people. When you go to calendar, on selecting the respective color of events, you get the details about it on the right hand side of the page as shown below:
In the same way, you need to create exams using the ‘Examinations’ option in ‘More’ and fees dues can be created by selecting ‘Fees’ in ‘Finance’ option after you select ‘More’.

Automate the Calculation of Tax and Expenses with Fedena’s Auto Transaction Feature

Any amount coming to your institute is always an income; but at times, you might have to pay tax and cess for the amount that you receive. It really becomes a tough task when you have to calculate the certain percentage on the amount every time it is received. But, when your school is powered by Fedena, you should not worry about all these trivial issues. The Auto Transaction feature of Fedena helps you set a percentage that you want to divide as a tax on the amount received as income. Hence, you enter the amount you received as an income, and go to report which will display the final income received after deducting the percentage of tax as expenses.

One of the primary advantages of using this unique feature of Fedena is it automatically calculates the amount that is to be deducted from the total income received and is shown as expenses. All these are done without much interference of yours, other than creating a new auto transaction. Now, let us see how this auto transaction can be created and used to gain the ultimate benefit.

Create Auto Transaction
  • Firstly, login to your Fedena account and go to ‘More’ and then to ‘Finance’ and finally to ‘Automatic Transactions’. Once you are in ‘Automatic Transactions’, you need to create a new auto transaction.
  • Write the category, percentage of amount to be deducted and also the description of the transaction you are creating. After creating a new transaction, you need to go back to ‘Finance’ and then to ‘Transactions’ to create a new income event and see how the tax is being deducted.
  •  Click on ‘Add income’ and you get a page where you have to fill in all necessary details in order to create the new income.
  •  When you ‘Save’, you are allowed to go back to ‘Transactions’ and get the report for which you need to select the time limit for which you need the report. You get the report that will show the tax or any cess has been deducted and the final amount that you receive as income.
  • Thus, you have a smarter way to calculate taxes and cess to get the final income after deduction. Then, why use critical mathematical calculations for it?

From Maths Class on Yahoo Doodle to a Free World-class Education for Everyone – Khan Academy

Here is a man who chose a different path. He didn’t go for the typical black or white board and stand in front of it to teach. Instead, he chose a smarter way to deliver his lectures, the online way. Yes, we are talking about Salman Khan, the man behind Khan Academy, a non-profit organization with a mission to provide ‘free world-class education for anyone anywhere’. To fulfill this, Khan Academy offer its resources to everyone free of charge. Some 4500 tutorials covering a wide range of academic fields including Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Finance, Mathematics, Astronomy, Cosmology, Physics, Healthcare, Organic Chemistry, History, Economics, Macroeconomics, American civics, Microeconomics, Computer Science and Art history are available in the organization’s website.

The birth of this unique concept took place when Salman Khan, A Harvard Business School and MIT graduate began using the Doodle notepad by Yahoo to teach mathematics to his cousin and soon, the idea became a big hit when his other relatives also asked for same kind of assistance. He decided to post tutorials on YouTube which became much sought after by students and soon Mr. Khan quit his job to start his Khan Academy. This online organization runs on donations that have come from all sections of the society and the organization already has 283 million total views on YouTube with 1,233,000 subscribers.
The best part about the concept that defines Khan Academy is that, not only it let students learn, but also allow teachers and parents to have a constant watch on what students are going over. Other than tutorials, the website offers many more educational features like exercises for practice, progress tracking as well as myriad other tools that would help teachers in schools. You can easily login to Khan Academy with your Facebook or Google account, in case you are not comfortable with creating a new profile with the website. Or get access to the materials free of cost with the help of the new modern UI application by the academy that is available on Windows Store. The current content on the website generally targets the syllabus of school physics and mathematics, but the future will witness a wide coverage as Mr. Khan has every plan to offer “tens of thousands of videos in pretty much every subject”.


Many critics are of the opinion that it is the free-of-charge and wide availability to all nature is what will take Khan Academy to great scales and fulfill Mr. Khan’s cherished dream of developing “the world’s first free, world-class virtual school where anyone can learn anything”. 

Check Khan Academy at – https://www.khanacademy.org/


Fedena Messaging System – For Better Communication with Students and Teachers

The admin of any institute has a lot to manage. What would he do if he needs to send out some information to the teachers and students? This is where Fedena – your school management software comes to your help. Award winning Fedena allows you to send messages across teachers and students or any particular student or teacher easily without the hassle of using notices. Now that there is a better way to do it, then why stick to the old notice board which at times fails to notify the way it should be.

If you are a Fedena user, you can use the messaging system to notify or send any message to your students and teachers. This article will guide you through the process of creating and sending messages.
How to create and send messages using Fedena

  • If you are admin, just login to your Fedena account and go to the ‘Messages’ option to the top right corner of the dashboard and click.
  • Once you click on ‘Messages’, you will be taken to a separate page which asks you to select ‘Create’ in order to create message and send them to whoever you want to.
  • Clicking ‘Create’ will take you to the page where you have to write the message and select the recipients to whom the messages are to be sent.
  • Select the department as well as the staffs you want to send messages or you can ‘Select All’ if the message is meant for all. The same goes for students and type the subject of the message and the message itself before sending. When the recipient receives messages, he/she can see all unread messages in bold.

This messaging facility is equally useful for students and teachers who want to send messages to the admin and to other teachers and students. For a faster and easier way to get connected to your students and staffs, use the messaging system of Fedena.

Karachi Institute of Technology and Entrepreneurship (KITE) – Imparting Interdisciplinary Education, Applied Knowledge and Entrepreneurship

A newly established institution located at Korangi Creek, Karachi, sprawling over an impressive 70, 000 sq feet of space, KITE or Karachi Institute of Technology and Entrepreneurship offers all state-of-the-art facilities including interactive classrooms, lecture theaters and seminar rooms that help students to pursue the best of education. KITE aims to be ‘tech-centric’ and for this, they have one ‘E-library’ that has a great collection of online materials and books. A lot of focus is also put on sports and other curricular activities as well and they have the sports area that facilitates all kind of sport activities, both indoor and outdoor.
Importance has also been laid on the ecosystem of interdisciplinary education, applied knowledge and entrepreneurship for which KITE offers a Technology Incubation Center (KITE-TIC) and Professional Development Center (KITE-PDC). These are efforts to boost among students, practical work experience, academia-industry research and continued learning.

The Education Enrichment Foundation or EduEnrich is the sponsoring body for KITE and this non-profit organization is dedicated to meet the growing demand for quality science and technology, social sciences, entrepreneurship, arts and humanities education in the country. The need for this kind of boost is the fact that there is a lack of proper career guidance, good number of unemployment among graduates and the urgent need for an immediate reaction that is required to address these problems. In fact, EduEnrich is working hard to create proper educational opportunities for the youth of Pakistan.

KITE has been dedicated for long to provide its students the chance for global competitiveness for which the institute is at present working on Transfer of Credits in collaboration with universities in other foreign countries like Canada, America and Malaysia that will allow their students to study in these universities for one semester or two. Then, there is the Career Office that works towards helping candidates gets the best work placement during summer with the partner companies. At KITE, education that is not just theoretical, but they work hard to offer their students full-time internships, live sessions with professionals and exciting ideas and start-up ventures.

You can visit KITE at: http://kite.edu.pk/

Presenting the “Appframe” Innovation for Loading Third Party apps within Fedena UI

Worried about switching to third party software from Fedena that will break the user experience of users? Here we present the Appframe concept to load the third party apps directly within Fedena without breaking the user experience flow.

The product engineering team of Fedena innovates continuously and consciously to make sure Fedena evolves as a user-friendly and effective school management system. There may be times when you want to include some additional data inside Fedena and that cannot be done under the current conditions. In order to make it favorable for clients, the yet to be released Fedena AppFrame has been designed to help clients to design and install their own applications and pages within Fedena.
A lot of attention has been employed in designing this feature as there might be security issues when third party applications are allowed. UI cluttering, asking the third party to produce user wise data and authentications were the major challenges of designing and these issues have been solved wisely.

Advantages of Appframe

                    No break in UI/UX flow. The users will feel the 3rd party software hosted somewhere else as part of Fedena.

                    No switching to 3rd party software. No need to open a new browser tab or window.

                    Save time and money by using the Fedena UI elements

                    Use the existing API of Fedena to reduce development time

How the AppFrame will work?

Every AppFrame will have a client-id associated with it and it will be created by the admin. The client should be registered much before the AppFrame is created. A unique client key will be provided to each client and he will be allowed to develop an application using his own resources. The clients will be given UI spec that will be present in the application or page that he intends to showcase.

If you are interested to develop a third party app using the appframe concept, contact us.

A step by step Guide on How to Create a Custom Report Using Fedena’s Magical Custom Report Plugin

Are you the head of your institute, and have to create reports on students which are not the typical reports showing the marks of exams? Instead, there might be situations when you have to create a report to know about students engaged in different activities in school. When you have a cultural event at your school and you have to find out students who are active in cultural activities and this becomes a difficult task if you have to find the information by personally asking each and every student. But with Fedena, your stress is reduced to just a custom report that can be made in the easiest possible way. Read on this article as we share with you how to create custom reports with the help of Fedena.
Here is a report requirement that is not available in Fedena by default :
Suppose, you are looking for students in different school houses (for instance Red House, Blue House, Green house and Yellow House) who can contribute to the upcoming Teacher’s Day celebration at your school with some cultural activities. Now, how you find it out using Fedena.
Steps to create the required custom report

Step 1: The very first thing that you need to do is to create an additional field, something called as ‘Interested in cultural events’ and for this, you need to go to ‘Settings’ in dashboard and then to ‘Add Admission additional detail’. You can create another additional field as ‘House’.

You can ask your students to fill this additional field during the time of their admission or can even edit the student profiles later.
Step 2: Once you have created the new additional field, you need to go to ‘More’ and then to ‘Custom Report’. Click on ‘New Student Report’ to create a new custom student report.
Step 3: You have to name the new report and select the fields of which you want the report. Like, in this case,  you are looking for students in different school houses who can take part in the cultural event. You might need the Admission number of the students along with the First Name, Batch, Gender, which House and if Interested in Cultural Events.
Step 4: After you save it, you have to get the report for which you have to select the respected report and click on ‘Show Report’.
You can see the report and can also get a ‘Print’ of it. Or ‘Export CSV’ of the same.
So, whatever custom report you want to make with student information, you can easily do it with Custom Report plugin of Fedena. You can do it yourself or you can also give this privilege to any employee of your institution to do the same.

Extend the Functionalities of Fedena with the all new API

Good news for everyone. We have released a new API system for Fedena which offers multiple methods of integrating and extending   functionality. Use the API to easily manage students & teachers, enhance their productivity and create seamless integration with other software. Moreover, the API comes up with an SSO (Single Sign On) for enhanced security.

What is an API? (For those who are new to this term)

API or Application Programming Interface is nothing but a set of standard and programming instructions released by a software company to help others to access a web application. This helps people outside the company to design products that are powered by the web application. Besides, API does allow easily development of programs by ensuring the programmers that all the protocols are met on time and hence, it becomes an easier task for the developers to develop the program. Read the Wikipedia article. 

If you want to offer your services with Fedena, you can do it easily now with the new API. We have complete documentation that will help you develop integration easily and make Fedena work the way you want. Fedena API is developer-friendly which uses OAuth2 protocol.

Example 1: Attendance

The Biometric attendance plugin of Fedena works through the attendance API.

Example 2: Reports & Analytics

You can collect the different data available in Fedena to a third party tool to generate business intelligence reports.

Example 3: Mobile app using API

You can build different mobile apps using the API to collect data from Fedena. And display the data in a user friendly interface.

Example 4: Examination Engine

If your present examination and grading system is not supported by Fedena, you can collect the details of subjects and students to generate the grading report in a third party software custom built for your needs.

Example 5: Integration with Google Apps Calendar

You can collect the data of events planned in Fedena and sync it with your Google calendar.

User Management & Privileges: How it Works

Being the admin of any institution, you have a lot to manage like; different employees, students and parents. But when your institution is powered by Fedena, your tough job gets a lot easier. With the help of this award-winning school management software, you can easily manage your employees and staffs. In Fedena, there are four types of users- the Admin, students, parents and employees. Employees can be further subdivided on the basis of the privileges assigned to them by the admin. In this article, you will get to know how you can manage and set privileges to your employees.

How to manage users

When you need to manage different users of your institution in Fedena, you just need to login with your id. Being the admin, you have the power to manage your employees, all you need to do is, go to the Dashboard and then to ‘Manage Users’ in Dashboard.

You can search the users you want to find, and can easily make all the necessary change or up-gradations. For students, you can view the entire profile of the student and change the password if needed.

For employees, you can see their profile, change password and even edit the privileges assigned to them.

For parents, you can change the password.

How to assign privileges to users

You can assign different privileges to your employees. For this, you need to search the respective employee and go to ‘Edit Privilege’.

Here, you can set privileges for your employees. The employees will henceforth be eligible to carry on the task assigned to them. Suppose, an employee is assigned the privilege of ‘Examination Control’, the employee will have the ‘Examination’ icon on his/her dashboard. A screenshot of the same is provided below:

Follow the link to know what each privilege refers to when assigned to an employee.

Note: As the admin, you can assign privileges to your employees at any time you want or can also do the same during the time of recruitment for the particular employee.

How to Get Started with Fedena – Basic Settings Explained in Detail

Fedena wants to know about your institution right when you start using this award-winning product. A lot of information has to be stored to let Fedena know your institution in detail like Name of the institution, address of the institution, what grading system you want to follow for examinations conducted at your school, which are all part of the General Settings. A whole lot of other information fields are there in the General Settings which you will get to know in detail in this article.

The Required Fields
  1. School/College Name: You need to enter the name of your school or college.
  2. School/College Address: The address of your institution.
  3. School/College Phone: The contact number for your institution.
  4. Student Attendance Type: You can set the attendance type as subject wise or a daily attendance both of which are provided in dropdown. In case of daily attendance, the attendance can be taken daily (forenoon and afternoon).
  5. Financial year start date: With the help of the dropdown calendar, you can set the date for the start of the financial year of your institution.
  6. Financial year end date: A dropdown calendar will help you set the end date for the financial year.
  7. Starting receipt number: You can set a starting receipt number for the receipts of transactions you received under the finance category. You can name it anything like Xaviers1 and it is auto incremented.
  8. Language: Set the language you want. Fedena offers a whole set of languages to choose from the dropdown.
  9. Time zone: Select the time zone you are in from the dropdown.
  10. Country: Mention the country you are in.
  11. Currency type: It’s important to set the currency using which all transactions will be carried on in your institution.
  12. Upload logo: You can easily upload the logo of your institution and this will allow you to have the logo of your school in the header of all generated reports. But keep in mind, the logo should have a maximum size of 500KB and resolution of 150×110.
  13. Network State: The network state will be Online in case the application is communication with an SMTP server via internet. If not, then select Offline.
  14. Include Grading Systems: You can select any of the grading formats for examinations conducted in your institution.
  15. Moodle URL: Integrate your Moodle data with Fedena with the help of this option.
  16. Select theme: Fedena offers you a list of themes to select from.
  17. Enable auto increment student admission number: This option can let you increment the student admission number in admission forms automatically.
  18. Enable auto increment employee number: Just like the option above, this option too lets you enable auto increment employee number during the time of their recruitment automatically.
  19. Enable News Comment moderation: Only when the admin or the privileged employee approves a comment then it will be visible to other users if this field is checked.
  20. Enable sibling: When this option is chosen, the system will automatically ask for siblings if any during the time of admission of any new student.
  21. Enable first time login change password: When this option is chosen, any user will be asked to change the password when he/she logins for the first time to the system.
  22. Enable Oauth: When you select this option, you will be allowed single sign on using your personal Gmail account. This will allow you to log into Fedena using your Google account.


The General Settings is the very first thing that you need to do when you use Fedena for your institution. This article will surely guide you right through the process.


7 Interesting Reports that you can Generate in Fedena

Are you looking forward to generating different kinds of reports using Fedena? You will be amazed to know that this award-winning school management software actually lets you do it with much ease. You can generate reports on some rare topics as ‘Female employees doing overtime who require transportation’ or ‘Students who have not submitted their assignments’ etc. So, when you need to generate such unique reports, all you need to do is to log in to Fedena and makes some interesting reports.

Today, we talk about 7 of the most amazing reports that you can actually generate for your use:

1. Employee Payslip Report

There might be times when you want to know where do all the money is spent in a particular department. Keeping a check on the expenses is always a good and intelligent idea to do. For this, you need to login to your Fedena and go to ‘More’ and then to ‘Human Resource’ and finally to ‘Employee payslip’. Enter the department and the month for which you want the expense list. The ‘View’ option, when selected will give you the list of employees for the department and you get details about the money actually spent on employees of the department.

2. New Student Report

Do you ever think of measuring the performance of the agents who help you with getting new students admitted to your school? Do it easily with Fedena and know the students who got admitted through a particular agent. How you do it? Go to the dashboard and to ‘Menu’ and then to ‘Custom report’. Here, you can create a ‘New Student Report’ and select the necessary fields you want to include in your report.

3. Attendance Report

When it comes to letting students sit for an exam, you need to be very strict. And students with a certain percentage of attendance should only be allowed to sit for the exam. How to find it? Go to Fedena dashboard and then to ‘Attendance Report’ in ‘Attendance’. Select the batch and the month and year of which you want the report. Finally, the attendance percentage that you want to make a benchmark of.

4. Employee Perk Report

If you have special plans and perks for employees who have joined after a particular time period that is also possible to generate with the help of Fedena. Go to the dashboard and to ‘More’, then ‘Human Resource’ and ‘Employee Search’. Go to ‘Advanced’ and type the time period for which you need the information. You need to enter the month and year and you get the result.

5. Placement Report

For your souvenirs and pamphlets of your institute, you definitely need the placement information of previous years, especially when there is something to boast off. Go for the ‘Archived placements’ in ‘Placements’ when you click on ‘More’. Select the placement event and get the report of the students who got placed during that event.

6. Assignment Report

Evaluate the performance of your students by checking on their assignments. But first, know who all submitted and who did not. From the dashboard, go to ‘More’ and then to ‘Assignment’ and select the assignment for which you want to see the performance of students for that assignment. You will get to know who all submitted and the assignments that are still pending.

7. Employee Overtime Report

Thinking of providing your female employees with transportation in case they do overtime and you don’t know who all stay back for overtime? Just use your Fedena and get the list easily. But the first thing you need to do is to create an additional field called ‘Overtime’ and select the field when an employee is going for it. Then you can create a custom report with the information you want to include in the report to find out the respected employees. A screenshot of the page which requires you to select the fields to be included in the report is shown below:


Now that you know about reports that you can generate in Fedena, one thing that you must be sure that there are infinite possibilities of creating many more reports like this in Fedena. These 7 reports are just a few of a huge collection.