Recently the prime minister of India – Narendra Modi promulgated the new national education policy 2020. The national education policy directs the promotions and innovations in education amongst the people of India. The first education policy of India was promulgated in 1968 by the prime minister Indira Gandhi and the second one by prime minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. The second policy was modified in 1992 and it was almost three decades since a new education policy was introduced in India. The national education policy of 2020 is ambitious in its goals and can catalyze India’s development goals by educating the future citizens of the nation.
The key highlight of national education policy 2020 in school education is the plan to achieve 100% GER in school education by 2030 with the reforms from preschool to secondary level from the present highest GER of 56% in grades 11-12. That is bringing 20 million(2 Crore) children back into the mainstream! Other highlights of the policy include replacing 10+2 with 5+3+3+4, focus on early Childhood Care & Education (ECCE), improving foundational literacy & numeracy, promotion of multilingualism, exam reforms, equitable & inclusive education, teacher recruitment and career path, vocational education, bagless days, etc. Check the infographics and read the policy document for details.
NOTE: Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) or Gross Enrolment Index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector. It shows the total enrolment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the eligible official primary school-age population in a given school year.
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